This question about the decision-making process for common property alterations has been answered by Tony Johnson, Horner Management.
Question: To my understanding, every owner has equal right and say for any issue related to common property alterations, including any change regarding its use etc. and could be vetoed by a single vote in the meeting.
The garden area of the strata belongs to the ‘common area’ of the strata corporation. To my understanding, every owner has equal right and say for any issue related to common property alterations, including any change regarding its use etc. and could be vetoed by a single vote in the meeting. I understand there is no such thing as majority votes for decision making on what concerns alterations to the common area.
If this is the correct interpretation of common property alterations, what happens to issues like removing well established, healthy trees and replacing them with something else? If others decide to chop down the trees, could a single owner veto that decision?
I look forward to your answer if you could assist in this regard.
Answer: General maintenance matters do not require a special or unanimous resolution. A single vote cannot overrule a majority decision on such matters.
The common areas of the Strata Corporation will be outlined in your Strata plan. Assuming that the Garden areas you are referring to are not marked as unit subsidiaries on the plans, then they are common.
Each Owner is entitled to vote on matters regarding the property, however, few matters require a unanimous vote. The works you are referring to are simple landscaping or gardening decisions and not a changing of the use of the common area. The garden bed remains a garden, with simply a decision on pruning, planting, etc. These general maintenance matters do not require a special or unanimous resolution. A single vote cannot overrule a majority decision on such matters.
Below is a breakdown of the Types of resolutions and what they are required for. Hopefully, you will find this information, taken from the Strata Title Legal Guide for South Australia, helpful.
TYPES OF RESOLUTIONS
An ordinary resolution is one passed at a properly organised meeting of the corporation by a simple majority of the votes of unit owners present and voting on the resolution [s 3]. Decisions of a strata corporation are made by ordinary resolution unless the Act or articles specify otherwise.
Special resolutions must be proposed by at least 14 days written notice to all unit owners, including the terms of the proposed resolution and the reasons for the proposed resolution [s 3(1)(a)].
A special resolution is required to:
- change or adopt new articles [s 19(2)]
- authorise the construction , alteration, demolition or removal of a building or structure, or authorise changes to the external appearance of a building by a unit owner [s 29(1)(b)]
- approve any special insurance [s 31(3)].
A special resolution is achieved if the resolution is passed at a properly convened meeting of the strata corporation and the number of votes (if any) cast against the resolution is 25% or less of the total number of votes that could be cast at a meeting at which all unit owners are present and entitled to vote [s 3(1)(a)].
A unanimous resolution is the same as a special resolution but passed without any dissenting (opposing) vote, that is nobody must vote against the resolution. Any unit owner who does not attend (or send a proxy to vote), or attends and chooses not to vote, is not counted as a dissenting vote.
Unanimous resolutions are required when:
- acquiring, dealing with or disposing of real property [s26(3)]
- granting to a unit owner exclusive use of part of the common property for a specified period [s 26(4)]
- distributing surplus funds from the sale of land [s 26(6)]
- determining contributions other than on the basis of unit entitlement [s 27(3)]
- permitting a unit owner to grant a lease or license over part of the unit to someone other than another unit owner (but no authorisation is required in relation to a lease or licence over the whole of a unit) [s 44(2)(b)]
- amending the strata plan [s 12]
- amalgamating with another adjacent strata plan [s 16].
This post appears in Strata News #192.
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This article is not intended to be personal advice and you should not rely on it as a substitute for any form of advice.